In April 2022, a South Korean film told the true story of organized crime in North Korea. Polyhexamethylene guanidine (PHMG) is a humidifier that killed thousands of people, including children, in 2006-2011.
This case is just one example of organized crime that has ever existed in the world. Often such organized crime is difficult to prove due to the lack of witnesses (whistleblower) and social structural problems that are likely to benefit the company. see more examples In the following article:
Understanding organized crime (organized crime)
Corporate crime is a crime committed and charged against a company (organization) for unlawful acts by its employees or employees regardless of their rank. Another term for organized crime is white-collar crime. white collar crime.
In addition to product issues like the story in the movie above, Organized crime can take many forms, for example, the manipulation of company financial books. alliance From unhealthy marketing tactics to money laundering (TPPU) crimes.
follow Bismar NasutionOrganized crime is often not made public due to a number of factors, such as:
- in general The general public only reports simple crimes, such as robbery or robbery, to the police. So generally the police deal with these issues as well.
- Few people think that organized crime is not life-threatening.
- The perspectives and legal basis for the subject of law in Indonesia are unclear.
- in general Organized crime only demands compensation. not imprisonment
- This type of crime is often associated with people of high social status.
Organized crime often proceeds smoothly. Therefore, it takes extra effort and thought for law enforcement to unmask. in fact It is not uncommon for witnesses who report these crimes. (Whistleblowers) will receive threats of persecution and murder. Not only for himself but also their families.
The Act on Offenses Related to Organizations
The laws governing these crimes in Indonesia are generally distributed according to the type of crime committed. For example, criminal acts of corruption are regulated in the corruption laws. And corporate crimes in the form of environmental pollution are regulated in other laws.
The following is the applicable law. corporate crime In Indonesia:
- number law Law No. 32 of 2009 on the protection and management of the environment.
- Law number 38 of 2004 about roads.
- Law No. 21 of 2002 on the crime of corruption
- Law No. 8 of 2010 on the prevention and elimination of money laundering crimes.
- Law No. 31 of 2014 on Witnesses and Victim Protection to protect whistleblowers
Examples of Organized Crime
one of the corporate crime What has rocked the startup world in recent years is the fraud case brought against Theranos by Elizabeth Holmes and Sunny Balwani. using only 1 device and 1 drop of blood from the patient
for the medical world What Holmes and Sonny make is a contradictory discovery. This is because medical tests are generally not performed in more sophisticated ways using much larger equipment. It is therefore not surprising that theranos is funded by various prominent figures. In the United States, for example, George Shultz happens to be a high-ranking official in Uncle Sam’s country.
Cases begin to unravel when the capabilities of one of the production machines produced by Theranos are questioned by academics in the health sector. The case became even more public when John Carreyrou, in his Wall Street Journal article, wrote that Theranos used a generic blood test kit. And the company’s blood test machine is a cover. Carreyrou’s writing is based on the story of Taylor Shultz and his colleague, a former employee of the company.
For the crimes she committed while leading Theranos, Elizabeth Holmes was sentenced to 11 years and 3 months, while Sonny Balwani was sentenced to 12 years and 11 months.
The latest example of organized crime in Indonesia is the alleged alliance with seven Indonesian airlines in 2022. The seven airline companies are Garuda Indonesia, Citilink, Sriwijaya Air, Nam Air, Batik Air, Lion Air and Wings Air.
A collective agreement is the practice of cooperation between one company and another. who work in the same field to control the price and production of their goods or services in the market The goal is for them to dominate the market.
Affiliate practices are typically executed once the market takes shape. oligopoly market (many consumers but few producers) for business competition Affiliate practices are unfair business practices and can have a negative effect on consumers.
In 2019, the Business Competition Oversight Board (KPPU) conducted research on the aircraft airline industry and found allegations that seven of the above companies acted in this way. Make a deal by canceling the discount. The same discount or increase the price of an economy class flight service As a result, the number of domestic flights is small and even then they are expensive.
This practice violates Law No. 1 of 2009 on Aviation. and Law No. 5 of 1999 on Scheduled Commercial Air Transportation for Domestic Economy Class Passengers, Articles 5 and 11, requiring the seven companies to report policies that could affect their competitive business map. and the price that the consumer must pay 2 years before the policy is issued
causes of organized crime
Companies need to increase revenue and reduce costs. In many cases, this encourages companies to take actions that violate the law, such as bribery. login illegallyand the above common practice.
In some cases, a company’s desire to please investors can motivate companies to take action. able to commit crime whether through public relations financial statements manipulated to do insider trading or engage in other illegal practices.
How to prevent corporate crime
There are many challenges in preventing corporate crime. since the absence of law enforcement officers to this type of crime, which is generally carried out in secret. And it takes certain skills to prove it. For example, financial accounting management can only be learned by those who understand accounting and finance.
One of the challenges in dealing with organized crime is witness protection. It is not uncommon for a whistleblower to receive threats of persecution or even murder for his testimony. It is therefore not surprising that whistleblower profiles are often heavily guarded by law enforcement, and in some cases, these whistleblower witnesses are offered incentives and escape.
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